Coronaviruses are an extensive family of viruses, some of which can be the cause of various human diseases, ranging from the common cold to SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome)
The consequences to public health are yet uncertain, we do not know the behavior of this new agent, it just begins with the description of the clinical and epidemiological characteristics.
Uncertainty about the new pathogen and the spectrum of manifestations it can cause, the source of infection, the mode of transmission, the incubation period, the severity of the disease and the specific control measures continue.
The occurrence of additional cases in other regions of the world cannot be ruled out.
As of January 26, 2020, 2,026 confirmed cases of nCoV-2019 and 56 deaths have been reported worldwide.
- In China 1,988 cases and 56 deaths have been confirmed.
- All cases reported outside of China have a history of recent trips to China, except for one of the cases reported in Vietnam, which has been confirmed after close coexistence with the first case confirmed in that country.
To date, cases have been reported in 12 countries outside of China.
To reduce the risk of the disease, the following universal promotion and prevention measures must be carried out *:
- Frequently clean hands by using alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
- When coughing and sneezing cover mouth and nose with flexed elbow or tissue – throw tissue away immediately and wash hands.
- Avoid close contact with anyone who has fever and cough.
- If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing seek medical care early and share previous travel history with your health care provider.
- When visiting live markets in areas currently experiencing cases of novel coronavirus, avoid direct unprotected contact with live animals and surfaces in contact with animals.
- The consumption of raw or undercooked animal products should be avoided. Raw meat, milk or animal organs should be handled with care, to avoid cross-contamination with uncooked foods, as per good food safety practices.
* Source: General Directorate of Health Promotion.